Babbu Maan De Geet Wala ‘Manto’

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Saadat Hasan Manto

Saadat Hasan Manto

Suhi surkh sver jehi,
Tun Sahir de sher jehi,
‘Manto’ di kahani aen,
Mere tasavvur di rani aen.

Eh bol tusi famous punjabi singer ‘Babbu Maan’ di 2018 vichh aayi album ‘Ik C Pagal’ de ‘Mole’ gane vichh jarur sune honge. Babbu Maan de bahut sare songs vichh kujh ajehian gallan hundiya hann jo ghat hi lokan nu samajh aundiyan hann. Ehna panktiyan vichh jiss ‘Manto’ di gall ho rahi hai ohna da poora naam hai ‘Saadat Hasan Manto’. ShaukeenPunjabi da eh article vi uhna di jindagi de aale-duaale hi ghumda hai.

Kaun Si Manto?

Saadat Hasan Manto Real Picture

Saadat Hasan Manto da janam 11 May 1912 nun ‘Samrala’ de nede ikk pind ‘Paproudi‘, Zila ‘Ludhiana’, Punjab vich hoya. Manto ikk Urdu kahaanikaar sann. Manto ‘Boo’, ‘Thanda Gosht’, ‘Khol Do’, ‘Shahkaar’, ‘Tobha Tek Singh’ wargia short stories layi jane jande hann. Manto diyan kujh likhatan nu dujiya bhashawa vichh vi translate keeta ja chukkeya hai.

Manto da janam ikk muslim pariwar vich hoya te ohna de pita ‘Gulam Hasan Manto‘ ikk local court vich session judge sann. Manto de janam ton kujh chir baad sara pariwar ‘Amritsar’ aa gaya ate oh ‘Koocha Vakeela’ naam de mohalle vich rehan lagge.

Manto Di Padhai

Manto di shuraati padhai ohna de maapeya ne ghar vich hi karwai ate 1921 vich ohna nun ‘M.A.O Middle School’ vich 4th jamaat vich daakhila dwaeya geya. Manto padhai vich hushiyar nahi sann par ohna de pita kafi garam subha de sann islayi Manto kujh kehnde nahi sann. Manto de mataji kafi naram subha de sann. Manto 10th jamaat vich 3 vaar fail hoye. 1931 vich ohna ne 10th pass keeti ate ‘Hindu Sabha’ college vich daakhila leya. 23 March 1931 nun ‘Bhagat Singh‘ nun fansi lag chukki sii. Manto vi awde sathiyan vaang sadkan te utarna chahunde sann te ajadi de naare launa chahunde sann par awde pita de dar karke eh sab kar na sake.

Kahaaniya Likhan Di Shuruat

Ohna de mann vich kahaani likhan da khayal odon hi aa chukka sii jadon oh sirf 7 saal de sann. Odon ‘Jalianwala Baag Hatyakaand‘ hoya sii, jis ne ohna de mann te bohat gehri chot keeti. Ohna ne awdi pehli kahaani ‘Tamashaa‘ vich iss ‘Hatyakaand’ nun 7 saal de bacche di nazar naal dikhaya hai.

1932 vich ohna de pita de gujran de baad ohna nu bohat aukadaan da saamna karna peya. Uhna ne apne pita di tasveer thalle ‘Bhagat Singh’ di murti rakhi te awde kamre de bahar likheya ‘Laal Kamra’. Ohna di jindagi vichh sab ton vaddha mod odon aaya jadon oh 1933 vich, 21 saal di umar vich, Amritsar vich ik sargaram writer ‘Abdul Bari Alig‘ naal mile. Ohna ne Manto nu apne asli talent nun pachaanan layi keha. Ohna ne Manto nu Russian te French Saahit parhan di salaah ditti.

Manto Da Career

Manto ne ‘Victor Hugo’ di ‘The Last Day of a Condemned Man‘, nu Urdu vich translate keeta jo ki Urdu Book Stall, Lahore duara ‘Sarguzasht-e-Aseer‘ de naam naal publish hoyi. Fer ohna ne Ludhiane da ik akhbaar ‘Masawat’ nu editorial staff de roop vich join keeta.

February, 1934 vich ohna ne ‘Aligarh Muslim University‘ vich graduation karan layi daakhila leya. Daakhila lain ton baad ohna ne “Indian Progressive Writers’ Association” join kar leya. Othe ohna di mulakat ‘Ali Sardar Jafri‘ naal hoi jihna ne ohna di likhat vich hor jaan paayi. March, 1935 vichh ‘Aligarh Magazine’ vich ohna di duji kahaani ‘Inqlaab Pasand’ publish hoi.

Manto 1934 ton 1955 tak sargaram rahe. 1941 vich ohna ne ‘All India Radio‘ di ‘Urdu Service’ layi likhan di naukari vi keeti. Ess de baad sirf 18 mahine vich hi ohna de 4 Radio Naatak de collection aa chukke sann jinha de naam ‘Aao’, ‘Manto ke Drame’, ‘Janaze’ ate ‘Teen Auraten’ hann. July, 1942 vich ohna ne ‘All India Radio’ de director ‘N.M. Rashid’ naal ladai hon karke naukari chad ditti, te Bombay aa gaye jithe ohna ne Film Industry vich kamm keeta.

Manto ne screenwriting shuru keeti ate ‘Aatth Din’, ‘Shikari’, ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawan’ wargian filma dittiyan. Ohna di likhi ik film ‘Mirza Ghalib’ 1954 vich release hoi. Bombay vich rehnde hoye ‘Kaali Shalwar’ (1941), ‘Dhuan’ (1941) ate ‘Bu’ (1945),’Qaumi Jang’ (Bombay) vich ‘February, 1945’ vich publish hoian. Kujh chir baad ohna dian short stories da collection ‘Chugad’ vi publish hoya. Oh udon tak Bombay vich hi rahe jadon tak ki oh 1947 di vand baad January, 1948 vichh Pakistan nahi chale gaye. Manto da pariwar vi ohna lakhan pariwaran vichon ik sii jo vand de baad Pakistan chale gaye sann.

Manto Te Samaaj Di Dushmani

Manto oh kehnde sann jo kehan di himmat koi hor nahi kar paonda sii. Manto samaaj layi likhde sann par samaaj ne hi ohna nu bahut bura keha. Manto diyan kai kahania nu katghre vich khada keeta geya. ‘Dhuan,’ ‘Bu,’ ate ‘Kali Shalwar’ utte 1947 ton pehla Bharat vich ashleel kahania da thappa layeya geya ate ‘KholDo,’ ‘Thanda Gosht,’ ate ‘Upar Neeche Darmiyaan’ utte 1947 ton baad Pakistan vich. Lagatar hon wale mukadmeya kaaran Manto sharab de nashe de vich dubbde chale gaye. Uhna nu te uhna de pariwar nu aarthik tangi da vi saamna karna peya. Manto ne ajeha kujh likheya sii ki ohna nu shauharat di thaan jillat mili par ohna ne kade likhna nahi chaddeya ate na hi ohna ne awdia likhtan utte koi pachtawa keeta.

Jadon Duniya Nu Alvida Keha

Lahore jake Manto apne dostan naal ‘Pak Tea House’ vich bethke politics te sahitya te charcha karde rehnde. 18 January 1955 nu duniya ne Manto nu hamesha layi kho ditta. Ohna di maut Lahore, Pakistan vich hoyi.

18 January 2005 nun Pakistan ne Manto de naam te Post Stamp jari keeta. Manto kehnde hunde sann ki ,

“Saadat Hasan mar jayega magar Manto jinda rahega.”

2015 vich Pakistani director ‘Sarmad Khusat’ ne Manto te ikk movie bnayi sii par uss vich sirf uhna di Lahore di jindagi nu vikhayeya geya sii. 2018 vich BBC ne Manto diyan kahaniyan nu ‘Duniya nu sodhan waliya 100 kahaniya’ vich shamil keeta hai.

Ajj de din, 21 Sep, 2018 nu ‘Manto’ di jindagi te Bollywood vich film release hoyi hai jis nu ‘Nandita Das’ ne direct keeta hai. Ohna de anusar iss film nu saajan vich 10 saal da samaa lagga hai.

Manto Movie Poster

Mukk Di Gall

Manto Urdu de ajehe kahaanikaar hann jihna diyan kahania ajj vi bade shaunk naal parhian jandian hann. Uhna nu jionde jee shauharat naa mil saki te uhna di jindagi bahut dukhan-takleefan vich langhi par ajj uhna di kalaa te kirdaar te jinna likheya janda hai shayad hi kise hor te likheya geya hove. Uhna wargian kahaniya ajj vi koi nahi likh sakda. Oh hamesha apni bebaak rai likhde sann. Uhna utte ajj ikk film release hoyi hai jisda naam vi ‘Manto’ hi hai. Iss vich ‘Nawazuddin Siddiqui’ Manto da kirdaar nibha rahe hann. ShaukeenPunjabi da eh article apne dostan naal jaroor share karo tan jo oh vi Manto bare jaan sakan.

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3 comments

  1. furtdso linopv 1 November, 2018 at 12:58 Reply

    Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Kudos

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