Kaun Sii ‘Jagga Jatt’?

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Jagat Singh Virk

Jagga Jammeya……..

Jagat Singh, jo ‘Jagga Jatt’ de naam naal mashhoor hai, da janam 1901 ton 1902 vich pind ‘Burj Ran Singh Wala’ Tehsil ‘Chunnia’, Jila ‘Kasur’ vich hoya. Jagge de pita da naam ‘Makhan Singh’ sii, jihna da saya Jagge de sir to bachpan vich hi uth giya sii ate ‘Jagge’ nu uss de chache ‘Roop Singh’ te Jagge di mata ‘Bhagan’ ne paaleya. Jagga 250 killeya da maalak sii, islayi uss da chacha te uss di maa uss nun koi kamm karan layi ghat hi kehnde sann par Jagga shaunk naal avde dosta naal pashu chaaran jaya karda sii.

Jagge Da Bachpan

Ikk din Jagga pashu chaarde hoye Inder Singh, jo shreeke vich Jagge da chacha sii, de khet viccho kafi saare dosta layi ganne patt ke le aaya. Iss gall te Inder Singh nu bahut gussa aaya te us ne Jagge nu thoda kutteya, pher Jagge ne us de khoo da bed tote-tote karke khoo vich sutt dita.

Pind ‘Burj Ran Wala’ vich bahut sare ghar Musalmana ate Telia de sann te sirf 17-18 ghar jatt-sikha de sann ate ehna da got ‘Sidhu’ sii. Dona dharama de lok bade pyaar mohabbat naal rehande sann. Jagge ne jawani vich pair rakhdeya hi akhaadeya vich ghulna te pehalwani karni shuru kar ditti sii. Ik hor Telia da munda Jagge naal akhadeya vich ghulan janda sii jiss da naam si ‘Sohan’. Sohan teli ne Jagge naal marde dam tak changi dosti nibhayi. Jagge da viah ‘Talwandi’ pind di ‘Inder Kaur’ naam di kudi naal hoya. Jagge de ghar ikk kudi paida hoi jis Da naam ‘Gabbo’ rakheya geya. Ajjkall ‘Gabbo’, ‘Lambi’ nede pind ‘Vanwala’ vich rehandi h, jis di umar lagbhag 80 saal de kareeb hai.

Angreji Hukumat Banaam Jagga

Angreja de raaj vele har gabru te nigah rakhi jandi si, jis vich kuch kami hove ja thodi bhut azad soch da maalak hove. Sarkar di pehli ikai jo ilake vich dehshat bnake rakh di sii, uss de aam member pind da Patwari, Numberdar, ilaake da Thaanedar te Safedposh hunde sann. Har insan nu ehna agge sir jhukana painda sii par Jagge nun eh gall manjoor nhi sii.

Jagge da kadd madham, rang kanak varga, naksh tikhi, pehlwana wala shareer, dohre challe walia muchaa te ankhila subah si. Jagga patwari kol apni jameen de kaagaz len gya, na patwari nu saahab-salaam, na koi fees, is tarah kaagaz dene ta patwari di beizzati wali gall sii. Aakhir te gall tu-tu main-main te aa gayi. Jagge ne patwari nu Dhaa ke Kuteya. Patwari nu kaagaz vi dene paye te minta karke picha vi chudouna peya.

Ik geet vich is da jikar vi hai:

“Kacche pulaan te larhaiyan hoyia,
Chavian de ghund mud gaye.”

Kachhe pull ‘Talwandi’ te ‘Burj’ pind de vichkar hunde sann. Pind ‘Bahadwale’ de ‘Nakaii Bhra’ aapni Bhua de pind ‘Talwandi’ rehnde sann, jo bahut hi chaamble hoye sann. Eh Maharaja Ranjeet Singh de sohre parivar naal taaluk rakhde sann. Ehna di marzi to bina koi kachhe pulla ton tapp nahi sakda sii, jado Jagga ghodi te chadhke pull tappan lagya ta Nakaii bharava vicho ikk ne ghodi di pitth te daang maarke ghodi nu Jagge samet jameen te sutt leya. Jagga kalla te Nakaii 4-5 bhara sann. Jagge ne sareya nu chavi naal sareyan nu agge laa leya. Oh enne dare ki ilaka chadd ke ‘Lahour’ rehan lagg paye.

Jagge Di Chadhai

Ilaake vich jagge di chadhai Mokal de Zaildar nu kande vangu chubhan lag gyi. Jagge di chadhai Zaildar nu ikk challenge lagdi si. Usne Jagge te jhutha case pawa ke jagge nu 4 saal layi jail bhej dita. Jagga jail katt ke aaya hi sii, ohna dina vich pind ‘Bhai Pheru’ chori ho gyi, eh pind ‘Kachhi Kothi’ thane vich painda sii. Iss thane vish ikk bahut gusse wale subah da thanedar laggeya sii, jis da naam ‘Asgar Ali’ sii te oh jaat da ‘Jatt Musalmaan’ sii. Zaildar te Thaanedar layi eh vadia mouka sii, Jagge naal vair kadhan layi.

Thaanedaar de suneha bhejan te Jagge ne pesh hon to naa kar ditti. Ilaake de kuch pramukh log jehde Jagge de parivaar naal saanjh rakhde sann, usnu pesh hon layi manaun vich kamyab ho gaye. Uhna de naam is prakar sann: Kehar Singh Kawa, Mahal Singh Kawa te Dula Singh Jajjal. Jagge nu Dulla Singh Jajjal ne aapna dharam da puttar banaya hoya sii. Baad vich Dulla Singh de parivaar ne shareeke de 8 bandeya da katal keeta ate Dulla Singh samet 8 bande fansi lagge.

Jagga taiyaar ho ke ehna naal tur peya, par raah vich thaanedaar de sakhat subah baare soch ke ruk geya. Jagge ne ohna sareya nu saaf keh ditta,”je thaanedaar ne gaali galoch keeti, mere to bardashat ni honi, khaa-mkhaa da panga pae ju…main vaapas challeya….”

Jagge Di Pehli Dakaiti

Thaanedaar de kasaai subaah nu saare jaande sann. Uss din to baad Jagge nu bhagoda ghoshit kar ditta geya. Sabh to pehla usne ikk sipahi ton bandook khoyi te duji bandook ‘Aatma Singh Aacharke’ to khoyi. Jagge ne pehla daka ‘Ghumiaari Wale’ sunaayre de ghar maareya jo ki sunaar hon de naal-naal saahukaari vi karda sii. Ghumiaari pind Lahour te Kasur de border te hai. Jagge de naal hor sathi ‘Jhanda Singh’, ‘Nirmal’ te ‘Thakur Singh Mandiyaali’ sann, ehna ne sunare da sona lutteya te loka de karze diya bahiya agg laa ke saad ditiya. Jhanda Singh de adde te beth ke sona vandeya jo sareya nu 1.5-1.5 kilo aaya.

Iss to baad Jagge ne aapna vakhara group bana leya. Jagge de nave saathi bane ‘Banta Singh’, ‘Sohan Teli’, ‘Lalu Nai’, ‘Bholu’ te ‘Bawa’. Lalu Nai roti-tuk banoun da mahir sii te jado saare so jande uss time bandook laike pehara dinda sii.

Bhave Jagge ne kaafi daake maare par mashhoor ‘Saidpur’ ate ‘Lyallpur’ de hi sii. Jagge da bhatija ‘Thakur singh’, D.S.P. Kasur da reader sii. D.S.P. ne Thakur singh nu Jagge nu pesh karwaun vich madad karan layi keha. Aggo Jagge ne Thakur singh nu keha ki pehla tu meri ikk khawahish poori karde, mera D.S.P. Kasur naal mukabla karwa de. Thakur Singh do dhira de vich faseya sii, uss kol pasa vatt len to bina koi chaara nahii sii.

Jagga jis pind janda sii, police nu pehla suneha bhijwa dinda si: “je fadna h ta aa ke fad len, nahi baad vich pind waleya nu tang naa karan”.

Chachi Da Katal

Ikk waar Jagga apne nanke pind ‘Ghumanke’ raas dekhan gaya. Uss de suneha bhejan te vi saari raat koi police wala na aaya. Jagge ne kai sahukara ton bahi-khate padva ke greeba da karza maaf karwaya. ‘Laakhuke’ pind di ik aurat nu dharam bhain banaya hoya sii, jehdi kai vaar Jagge nu vele–kuwele rotiyan bana ke bhejdi sii. Jagge ne ikk vaar uss aurat nu kaafi asharafiya dittiya. Ise tarah ikk bujurag sardiya de dina vich thand naal mar reha sii, puchhan te pta lagga ki vichare de koi Dhee-Putt nahi sii. Jagge ne uss nu mutthi bhar ke asharfiya da ditta. Ehna dina vich ilake di police vi jindde-kunde laa ke sondi si, kyonki ohna nu darr si ki Jagga asla lutt ke na le jave. Thaanedaar ‘Asgar Ali’ ne apni raakhi layi do hor nave darwaaje lawa laye sann.

Jagge de sathi ‘Banta Singh’ di apni chachi naal nok-jhonk hoyi, us di chachi de uss pind de(Khamann Ke Wala) de vairaagi naal na-jaayaz taalukaat sii. Dovan nu kai var rokeya par oh dove baaz na aaye. Ikk din Bante di chachi thand vich, agg sek rahi sii. Bante te Jagge ne uss nu aakhri vaar keha par us ne jawab ditta: “jo karna kar lavo..” Jagge te Bante ne gusse vich aa ke usde goliyan maar dittiyan. Phir Bawe vairaagi de ghar agge ja ke us nu baahar nikalan vaaste keha. Usde ghar ikk prauhna aaya hoya si, jis ne uss nu baahar jaan to rok ditta te kunda laa ke, ghar de saare khidkiya-darwaze band kar ditte te oh sare andar baith gye. Jado vaar-vaar kehan te vi uh baahar na nikleya, Bante te Jagge ne ghar di chat paad ke andar agg laa ditti. Ohna nu aas sii ki agg lagan naal saare baahar aa jange, par oh dhuye vich ghutt ke andar hi mar gaye. Jagge nu vairaagi diyan kudiyan maare jaan da bahut dukh hoya.

“Jagge mariya Khamann ke kudiya,
Jagge nu paap laggeya.”

Jagge nu pta sii ki daakua di umar koi bahuti lambi nahi hundi. Uss ne apni kudi da rishta ‘Sardar Kehar Singh Kawa’ de chhote bhai ‘Makhan Singh’ de munde naal kar ditta te sara daaj, gehane te baki sara kujh pehla hi apni kudi de sohre ghar bhej ditta.

Sidhpur De Mallangi Te Harnaam

Jagge de pind to kuch dur ‘Sidhpur’ pind sii. Iss pind to Mallangi daaku bahut mashhoor sit te uss da saathi Harnaam Singh sii. Eh do saal pehla maare gaye sii. Mallangi musalmaan fakeera da munda sii te Harnaam Singh ikk chhote jehe sikh kisaan parivaar da munda sii. Mallangi theke te jameen leke kheti karda sii. Ohna dina vich aam riwaaz sii ki saare pind di roti ikk saanjhe tandoor te pakdi sii. Mallangi di choti bhain te bhai tandoor te rotiyan paka rhe sann, odon hi zaildar de kaame vi rotiyan banoun aa gaye, ohna ne tandoor to Mallangi diya rotiyan band karke pehla zaildar diya rotiyan laun layi keha. Jado Mallangi di bhain na manni tan kaameya ne uss di gutt patt ditti te chapeda maariya. Iss douran Mallangi da chota bhara Mallangi te Harnaam nu sadd leyaya. Jhagda vadh gya. Zaildaar de bandeya ne Mallangi de chote bhai da katal kar ditta. Mallangi te Harnaame de vi satta maariya, ohna ne apne hi ik bande de goliyan maar ke Mallangi, Harnaam te Harnaam de baap te katal da case bana ditta.

Mallangi te baki sare hawalaat vich hi sann, jado ikk raat Zaildaar de bandeya ne Mallangi di bhain nu hath paa leya. Mallangi di anni maa kandha naal takkra maar-maar ke behosh ho gayi. Jado iss gall da Mallangi hora nu pata chlleya ta Harnaam de baap di othe hi dil de daure naal maut ho gayi. Gusse vich bhare Mallangi te Harnaam jail vicho kandh paad ke faraar ho gaye. Hawalaat vicho bahar aunde hi ohna ne sab to pehla ‘Sidhpur’ de Zaildaar da sara pariwar(auratan nu chadke) maar ditta. Sirf munda apni jaan bacha ke bhaj gaya. Iss to baad Mallangi te Harnaama daku ban gaye.

Ohna ne pehla kai lutereya nu te bayaj khaane saahukara nu sudhareya. Fer jehda koi Sarkar Pakhi, gareeba nu tang karda sii ohna nu kutt-kutt ke sudharna shuru keeta. Iss naal ikk kahawat ban gayi sii “Dine raaj firangi da, raat nu raaj Mallangi da”. Iss jodi te vi sarkar ne inam rakh ditta. Ikk raat Mallangi te Harnaam kise jaankaar bande de dere te ruke sann. Dere wale ne Mallangi te Harnaam nu methi waliya rotiyan dass ke bhang waliyan rotiyan khuwa dittiya. Inam de laalach vich uss ne police nu Mallangi de nashe vich hon di khabar kar ditti. Mallangi te Harnaam dere vich hi police naal mukable vich maare gaye.

Jagge Da Aakhree Saah

Ikk din Jagge ne saathiya naal Sidhpur jaan da man bana leya. Othe oh Mallangi di maa di khabar-saar lena chahunda sii te nale Mallangi nu marwaun wale vi uss nu radak rahe sann. Mallangi da ghar ujjad chukeya sii, sirf usdi anni maa zindagi de din poore kar rahi sii. Jagge ne dopehar dere te hi kattan da bare soch leya. Uss ne Laalu Naai nu roti-tuk da intzaam karan layi keha. Laalu da pind ‘Lakhu ke’, Sidhpur de naal hi painda sii. Uss ne apne panje bharava nu milan de bahane bula leya te aunde waqt desi sharab lai ke aun layi keha. Maade bhaaga nu Jagga roti to pehla 2-2 peg laun layi raazi ho geya. Bante te Jagge ne apne-apne gilas vich sharab paa layi. Sohan Teli ne Laalu de pind ‘Lakhu ke’ kise dost nu milan jana si, iss layi usne naa peeti. Oh sare bohat der tak sharab peende rahe te haasi-makhaul vi chalda reha.

Mallangi di maa de vehde vich 2 saal baad raunak aayi sii. Ajj anni maa nu Jagge diya gallan vicho Mallangi de bolla di khushboo aa rahi sii.

Jagge ne gallan vich samjhaya “Maa meriye, kite sade yaar Mallangi di rooh iss gallon na tadfadi rave, ki mera kise ne badla nai leya, ajj sare ulaambhe laah deyange.”

Sareya ne ikatthe roti-tuk khadha. Sohan Teli apne dost nu “Lakhu ke” milan tur paya, Laalu Naai te usde bhara bandooka lai ke pehare te khad gaye. Maade bhaaga wali sharab di lor vich Jagge te Bante di akh lag gayi, oh dove ikko hi manje te lambe pai gaye.

Kuch time baad dopehar vich do goliyan di ikathi awaaz ne dharti cheer ke lahu-luhaan kar ditti. Jagge te Bante diya saahan waliya ragaa vich nede to goli mari gayi sii, manje te dona de shareer tadaf rahe sann. Fer kujh hor goliyan ne ehna de shareer nu thanda kar ditta.

Sohan Teli goliya di awaaz sun ke vapas mud aaya, jado uss ne aa ke dekheya Jagge te Bante diya lasha vicho khoon manje diya virla rahi dharti te dig reha sii.

‘ਜੱਗਾ ਵੱਢਿਆ ਬੋਹੜ ਦੀ ਛਾਂਵੇਂ,
ਨੌਂ ਮਣ ਰੇਤ ਭਿੱਜ ਗਈ।
ਪੂਰਨਾ,
ਨਾਈਆਂ ਨੇ ਵੱਢ ਸੁੱਟਿਆ ਜੱਗਾ ਸੂਰਮਾ।’

Sohan Teli eh vekh ke gusse vich paagal ho uttheya te Laalu Naai nu thalle sutt leya. Picho Laalu de bhai ne uss di peeth vich goli maar ke uss nu vi utthe hi maar ditta. Eh khabar agg waang phail gayi. Poore ilaake vich chuppi chhaa gayi. Har koi ikk duje kolo akha vich akha paa ke bagair bull hilaaye puch reha sii: Ki Jagga sachmuch maareya gaya?

Laalu Naai ilaake di police naal mil chukka sii. Laalu Naai ne yaar maar karke bhari rakam, ikk murabba zameen, ikk ghode di khatti khatt layi sii jo ki sarkaar wallon Jagge te inaam rakheya hoya sii. Jis jagge de parchaave kolo police nu darr lagda sii, usnu maarna police de vass di gall nahi sii. Eh kamm police ne Laalu Naai di zameer khareed ke karwaya. Lallu nu vi jail hoyi. Baad vich Laalu nu vi kaidiyaa ne jail vich hi kutt-kutt ke maar ditta.

Mukk Di Gall

“ਜੱਗਾ ਜੱਟ ਨੀ ਕਿਸੇ ਨੇ ਬਣ ਜਾਣਾ
ਓ ਘਰ ਘਰ ਪੁੱਤ ਜਮਦੇ “

Jagga, sirf 29 saal di umar hi bhog sakeya. Uss de naal rehande bhrava jehe yaar ne hi uss nu dhokhe naal maar ditta. Lok sochde rahe ki ohna nu kise Asgar Ali thaanedaar, soodkhor saahukar te angrej pakkhi jaageerdaara ton kaun nijaat dilawega. Jagga sirf 3 mahine bhagoda reha, iss dauran poore ilake ne azad hon da aanand maaneya. Na police da dar, na saahukaara diya kurkiya, sago sarkar pakkhi apni jaan bachonde bhajde rahe.

Soormeya di jindagi choti hi hundi hai. Punjabiyan ne ankh te apne haqqan layi hamesha hi kise na kise naal mattha laya hai, kade Dulla Bhatti banke, kade Ahmad Kharal banke, kade Jeona Morh banke, kade Mallangi banke, kade Jagga Jatt te kade Shaheed Bhagat Singh banke. Jagge nu sarkar na maar saki par oh yaarmaar ton na bach sakeya. ShaukeenPunjabi da eh article tuhanu kiddan laggeya? Sanu comment karke jaroor dasso.

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