Ki Hai Swaminathan Report?

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Farming

Sudhar Sakdi Hai Kisana Di Haalat

MS Swaminathan

7 August,1925 nu Kumbakonam, Tamilnadu vichh jamme Swaminathan agriculture scientist hann. ‘Harit Kranti’ vich ohna di bohat vaddhi bhoomika sii. Ohna ne 1966 vich Mexico te Punjab de beej nu mila ke Kanak da jyada jhaad den wala beej taiyar keeta sii. Ohna ne Harit Kranti vele Kanak te Chawal de beej gareeb kisana de kheta vich laaye sann. Ess kranti de baad anaaj di kami naal joojh reha Bharat desh, 25 saalan vich khud di jaroorat ton jyada anaaj paida karan wala desh ban gaya sii. Swaminathan nu Bharat Sarkar ne 1967 vich ‘Padam Shree’, 1972 vich ‘Padam Bhushan’ te 1989 vich ‘Padam Vibhushan’ naal sanmaanit vi keeta.

Swaminathan Aayog

MS Swaminathan di pardhangi heth 18 Nov,2004 nu ‘National Commission On Farmers’ ya ‘Rashtriya Kisan Aayog’ bnaya gaya sii. Ess aayog da maksad anaaj di apoorti bhrosemand karna te kisana di arthik haalat nu sudharna sii. Ess aayog nu hi ‘Swaminathan Aayog’ keha janda hai. Do saalan vich ess committee ne 6 reportan taiyar keetiya te 4 Oct,2006 nu akhree report sarkar agge pesh keeti. Ess committee ne apniya reportan vich jo sifarishan keetiya sann, ohna nu haje kite vi sahi tarah laagu nahi keeta ja sakeya hai.

Swaminathan Aayog Diyan Sifarishan

Ess aayog dian sifarishan nu laagu karan layi hun tak kisana ne bohat aandolan keete hann. 11 Sept,2007 nu Congress Sarkar ne ess aayog dian sifarishan nu mann leya sii. Modi Sarkar aun de baad ohna ne kisana de sudhar di gall kahi par ajj tak ajeha nahi ho sakeya hai. Maharashtra, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujrat te kai hor subeyan de kisan vi ehna sifarishan nu laagu karwauna chahunde hann. Ess vich Bhoomi Sudhar layi, Kisana di aatamhattya rokan layi, Sinchai layi, Fasal beema layi, Paidawaar vadhaun layi sifarisha keetia gayian hann.

Bhoomi Sudhar Layi

Swaminathan ne bhoomi sudhar di speed nu vadhaun utte jor ditta hai. Surplus(jaroorat ton jyada jameen) ate bekar payi jameena nu gareeban vich vandana, aadiwasi khetra vich pashu chaaran da haq dena shaamil hann.

Kisana Di Aatamhattya Rokan Layi

Aayog dian sifarishan vich kisana nu aatamhattya karan ton rokan de sujhaa vi diite gaye hann jis vich National Level Farmer Commission banauna, kisana di sehat changi karan layi suvidha vadhauniya, beema vich sudhar karna shamil hann. Iss ton alawa fasal di keemat nu kharche ton 50% vaddh rakhan di sifarish vi keeti gayi hai tan jo kisana nu ohna di mehnat da mull mil sake. Sarkar sirf kujh fasalan de hi nahi sagon sariya fasalan da minimum mull fix kare. Iss ton alawa private khareed nu control karan layi, market dakhal scheme launch keeti jave. Je ehna reportan nu laagu kar ditta jave tan kisana di haalat vich bohat sudhaar ho sakda hai.

Sinchai Pani Layi

Sare kisana nu sahi te poora pani mil sake, iss layi rain water harvesting (barish da pani ikattha karna) te water shed pariyojana nu badhawa den di sifarish report vich keeti gai hai. Ehna kamma layi panj saala yojnava vich jyada paisa den di sifarish keeti gai hai.

Fasal Beema Layi

Fasal beema layi banking te hor suvidhava nu kisan tak aasani naal pahunchaya jave. Ghat byaj te fasal loan mil sake ate byaj rate 4% ghat keeta jave. Karj vasool karan vich narami barti jave. Jadon tak kisan karja vapis karan di haalat vich na aa jave, uss ton karja na vasool keeta jave. Je kise kudrati kaaran naal fasal kharab hundi hai tan uss ton kisan nu bachaun layi ‘Krishi Raahat Fund’ bnaya jave.

Ehna ton ilawa paidawar vadhaun layi vi sifarishan keetia gayian hann. Mitti di jaanch te surkheya, mitti diyan kamiya nu sudharna, mitti di testing layi labs da vadda network taiyar karna vi report vich shamil hai. Sareya nu bhojan mile ate kuposhan door hove, iss layi sudhar keete jaan. ‘Saamudayik Khana ate Pani Bank’ bnaye jaan, jis naal jyada ton jyada lokan nu khana mil sake.

 

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