Sobha Singh

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Sobha Singh:A Divine Painter(1901-1986)

Kaun Sii ‘Sobha Singh’?

Sobha Singh painting Guru Gobind Singh

Sobha Singh

‘Sobha Singh’ ikk sikh painter sann, jo Sikh guruyan di paintings(chittar) layi mashhoor hann. Shobha Singh da janam Punjab de Gurdaspur jile de ‘Hargobindpur’ vikhe ikk ramgarhia parivaar vich 29 Nov,1901 nu hoya. Ohna de pita Deva Singh, bharti sena vich ghudswar sann. Ohna ne sena vichon isteefa de ditta ate 1923 vich Amritsar vich apna photo studio khol leya. Oh 1947 vich Andreta, Himachal Pradesh vich rehan ton baad Lahore vich vi rahe, baad vich oh Delhi ate Bombay vi rahe kyonki desh di vand hon kaaran ohna nu Lahore chaddan layi majboor keeta gaya sii. Himalaya di ‘Kaangda’ vaadi vich chote-chote pind shaamil sann. Par Sobha Singh ne apne vakho-vakhre classic paintings raahi iss nikke jehe pind nu duniya de nakshe te leyanda. Sobha Singh nu pyar naal ‘Darzi’ vi keha janda hai. Ohna di beti ‘Beebi Gurcharan Kaur’ ne apne puttar ‘Dr. Hirde Pal Singh’ di madad keeti ate ‘Andreta’ nu sirf ikk mashhoor sair-sapaate di jagah de naal naal klaa(art) de premia layi vi sawarg bana ditta. Andreta di ‘Sobha Singh Art Gallery’ na sirf kalaa premi loka di balki apne kamm di sifat karan waleya di vi pehli pasand hai.

Education

15 saal di umar vich, Sobha Singh ne Klaa te Shilpkari vich ikk saal de course layi Amritsar de Udhyogik School vich daakhila leya. Oh Indian British Army vich ikk Draftsman(chittar jan naksha banaun wala) de roop vich bharti hoye ate Baghdad, Mesopotamia(hun Iraq) vich apni sewa ditti. 1923 vich oh army chadd ke Amritsar vaapas aa gaye, jithe ohna ne apna Art Studio kholeya. Uss saal hi, ohna ne ‘Beebi Inder Kaur’ naal Vaisaakhi de din viah keeta. Ohna ne Amritsar, Lahore(1926) ate Delhi(1931) vich vi apne Studio to khol laye ate othe vi kamm keeta.

1946 vich, oh vaapas Lahore aa gaye ate ‘Anarkali Bazar’ vich apna studio kholeya par desh di vand de baad ohna nu Lahore chaddan layi majboor kar ditta gaya. 1949 vich oh Kaangda Vaadi de vich ikk nikke jehe pind ‘Andreta’ vich aa ke vass gaye. Uss time Andreta vich bohat ghat lok rehnde hunde sann te ghat hi lok iss nu jande sann kyonki eh Kaangda de pahaadan vich ajehi jagah te sii, jithe pahunchana kafi mushkil sii.

Chittrakaari

Sobha Singh, oil painting karan vich ustaad sann. Ohna diyan paintings Punjab diyan love-stories, India de epics jiven Ramayana, Mahabharata ate Sikhism te adharit sann. Sobha Singh diyan banaiyan Sohni-Mahiwal te Heer-Ranjha diyan paintings bohat mashhoor hoiya. Ohna ne Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Kartar Singh Sarabha, Mahatma Gandhi, Laal Bahadur Shastri vargiya prabhaavshaali tasveera vi paint keetiyan. Sohni-Mahiwal di painting banaun de baad Sobha Singh kafi mashhoor ho gaye par ohna di mashhoori vich char chann odo lagge jadon ohna ne Sikh guruyan diyan paintings banaaiyan. Sikhan nu moorti jan photo nu poojna mnah hai par kai sikh Sobha Singh dwara bnaiyan paintings nu hi pooj rahe hann te ohna nu hi asli guru mande hann.

Sobha Singh, Andreta vich 38 saal rahe, iss dauran Sardar Soba Singh ne 100 to vi jyada Paintings banayiya, jihna vichon jyadatar sikh guruyan dian sann. Ohna wallon banaiyan sikh guruyan dian paintings, poojan jan sanmaan den layi nahi sagon ikk klaakaar di kalpana bhar hann. 

Sobha Singh di shuruati painting Guru Nanak Dev de janam di sii, jo Sobha Singh ne 1934 vich bnayi jis vich guru Nanak, mata Tripta di god vich hann te Beebi Nanaki ohna de kol khadi hai ate Bhagwan Shiv, Shri Ram, Mata Sita ate Maa Sarasvati, aasmaan vichon phull barsa rahe hann. Fir ohna ne Guru Nanak Dev di ikk painting 1937 vich bnayi. Uss de baad bnaiyan kujh hor paintings ‘Chandigarh Museum’ vich surkhit hann. Ohna ne 1969 vich Guru Nanak Dev ji de 500ve janam dihare te ohna de sanmaan vich ik tasveer paint keeti, jis nu bahut sare lok Guru Nanak Dev ji da asal chehra mande hann. Iss tarah hi ikk tasveer Guru Gobind Singh de 300ve janam dihare(1967) bnayi gai. Sobha Singh ne ehna ton alawa Guru Amar Daas, Guru Teg Bahadur ate Guru Har Krishan diya tasveera vi banaayiya. Sobha Singh ne 1935 vich Guru Hargobind Singh di vi ikk tasveer bnayi sii jis de prints muslim lokan de virodh kaaran seal kar ditte gaye sann.

Navi Delhi vich Sansad Bhavan di Art Gallery vich vi ohna diyan paintings di pardarshni layi gayi hai. Sobha Singh ne kujh moortiya vi bnayiya jis vich S.S. Randhawa, Prithviraaj Kapoor ate Nirmal Chandra jehe lok shamil hann.

Awards

Ohna ne kai awards haasil keete, jihna vichon parmukh taur te Punjab Sarkar de ‘Raj Kalaakaar’ da khitaab hai ate 1983 vich Bharat Sarkaar to mileya ‘Padma Shree’. Sobha Singh nu Punjabi University, Patiala wallon ‘Dr. of Litrature’ di upaadhi vi ditti gayi hai.

Soochna ate Prasaaran Mantraalay ne Sobha Singh di jindagi ate kamm te aadharit “Painter of the People” naamak ikk documentry release keeti sii. British Broadcasting Corporation ne 1984 vich ohna te ikk documentry release keeti. Bharat Sarkar ne 2001 vich Sobha Singh de sanmaan  vich Daak Ticket vi jaari keeti sii.

Sobha Singh Di Maut

Sobha Singh di maut 21 August 1986 nu Chandigarh vich hoyi. 

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